Exploring a Text for Theoretical Foundation


This example uses this Recipe to import a French language into the TAPoR text analysis environment.

This exercise applies the recipe to a textual example which is freely available on the Internet so you can complete the steps yourself and see the results.

Exercise Steps 
  1. This tutorial uses Marx’s Communist Manifesto which is widely available online and at http://www.anu.edu.au/polsci/marx/classics/manifesto.html.
  2. Clean up the text using a text editor. In this case there is a table of contents and some additional material which has been added by editors and should not be included in the analysis.
  3. Login into TAPoR.
  4. Add youe electronic text to MyTexts.
  5. Run the TAPoR List Words Tool to generate a word list sorted by frequency, specifying the search term *ism. If you use the website above as your text, you should see something similar to:
    Summary: there are 17 unique matches for pattern *ism
    and there are 93 matches in total for pattern *ism.
    Words                    Counts
    Socialism           ----   38
    Communism           ----   21
    Criticism           ----   8
    Antagonism          ----   7
    Socialism& quot     ----   3
    Asceticism          ----   2
    Absolutism          ----   2
    Proudhonism         ----   2
    Lassalleanism       ----   2
    Sentimentalism      ----   1
  6. Socialism seems to be the most frequently referred to theoretical foundation. To explore the author's use of this term more fully, build a concordance using the TAPoR Find Words - Concordance Tool
  7. This will produce a result similar to:
    41 entries found.
      1. REACTIONARY SOCIALISM a. Feudal	Socialism Owing to their historical position,
                 In this way arose feudal	socialism:	half lamentation, half lampoon; half
           the landlord, so has clerical	socialism	with feudal socialism. Nothing is
    has clerical socialism with feudal	socialism.	Nothing is easier than to
    life and Mother Church? Christian	socialism	is but the holy water
    of the aristocrat. b. Petty-Bourgeois	Socialism	The feudal aristocracy was not
    working class. Thus arose petty-bourgeois socialism.	Sismondi was the head of
    in England. This school of	socialism dissected with great acuteness the
    aims, however, this form of	socialism	aspires either to restoring the
    of self-deception, this form of	socialism	ended in a miserable hangover.
    c. German or " True"	Socialism The socialist and communist literature
    of Action" , " True	Socialism"	, " German Science of
    , " German Science of	Socialism", " Philosophical Foundation of
    , " Philosophical Foundation of	Socialism"	, and so on. The
    of philosophical fantasy. This German	socialism,	which took its schoolboy task
    was offered to " True"	Socialism	of confronting the political movement
    by this bourgeois movement. German	socialism	forgot, in the nick of
    risings. While this " True"	Socialism thus served the government as
    a revolutionary proletariat. " True"	Socialism	appeared to kill these two
    And on its part German	socialism	recognized, more and more, its
    Word List (left of the keywords)
    Summary: there are 101 unique words and there are 209 words in total. 64 words occurred once and 20 words occurred twice.
    Words              Counts
    Bourgeois     ----   8
    The           ----   6
    Form          ----   5
    Movement      ----   5
    German        ----   5
    Working       ----   4
    Class         ----   4
    True          ----   4
    Feudal        ----   3
    Continental   ----   3
    Clerical      ----   2
    Germany       ----   2
    Petty         ----   2
    Word List (right of the keywords)
    Summary: there are 126 unique words and there are 202 words in total. 96 words occurred once and 16 words occurred twice.
    Words              Counts
    Was           ----   6
    Communism     ----   3
    On            ----   3
    Feudal        ----   3
    Owing         ----   2
    Movement      ----   2
    Socialism     ----   2
    Nothing       ----   2
    Terror        ----   2
    German        ----   2
    Lost          ----   2
    Revolutionary ----   1
  8. This search returns a list of these key words and the five words on either side of the target word. Several themes and paths for further exploration emerge from this process:
  9. As a further step, one can use an antonym finding tool and compile a list of opposing theoretical terms which can be examined in a similar fashion.
  10. Thus we can see how a simple exploration of a text using a root can help us to appreciate the theoretical foundations of a work.