There are many different methods and ways to study Twitter data. Unlike more traditional text (e.g. books), discourse on twitter can encompass a wide range of perspectives, ideas, thoughts, and context. The analysis of this discourse is something that needs that requires different cleaning methods, refinement, and categorization.
This tutorial is going to talk about natural language processing using Python. This tutorial is focus on how to use NLTK to do the text preprocessing such as tokenize text, get synonyms and antonyms, word stemming etc.
This tutorial is divided into 6 parts; they are:
- Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka
- Text Cleaning is Task Specific
- Manual Tokenization
- Tokenization and Cleaning with NLTK
- Additional Text Cleaning Considerations
- Tips for Cleaning Text for Word Embedding
This recipe is part of the Text Analysis for Twitter Research (TATR) series, and will look at tokenizing and extracting key features from a Tweet.
This recipe uses regular expressions (or Regex) to clean a text document. This recipe is based on the Using Regular Expressions to Clean a Text code.
This recipe will use regular expressions to clean up a webpage. This is useful if you want to carry out any meaningful textual analysis of the content in a web page. We can remove the html tags and other unnecessary textual elements with this method.
In this recipe we use 3 ebooks to show how topic analysis can identify the different topics each text represents. We will use Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) approach which is the most common modelling method to discover topics. We can then spice it up with an interactive visualization of the discovered themes. This recipe is based on Zhang Jinman's notebook found on TAPoR.
NB: Any number of texts can be used, we choose 3 for this recipe.
Stemming and Lemmatization are text analysis methods that return the root word of derivative forms of the word. This is done by removing the suffixes of words (stemming) or by comparing the derivative words to a predetermined vocabulary of their root forms (lemmatization). This recipe was adapted from a Python Notebook written by Kynan Lee.