There are many different methods and ways to study Twitter data. Unlike more traditional text (e.g. books), discourse on twitter can encompass a wide range of perspectives, ideas, thoughts, and context. The analysis of this discourse is something that needs that requires different cleaning methods, refinement, and categorization.
This tutorial is about how to chart time series data with line plots and categorical quantities with bar charts. How to summarize data distributions with histograms and box plots. How to summarize the relationship between variables with scatter plots.