URICA! II was collation tool for microcomputers, and an updated version of URICA! (User Response Interactive Collation Assistant) (Hilton 139.) This update was released in 1992 by Michael Hilton and his team (139).


Micro-OCP was a microprocessor implementation of the second version of the Oxford Concordance Program (Jones 131).


COCOA was a program for creating KWIC concordances, word frequency reports and word counts on texts (Day and Marriott 56).

COCOA was first available in the early to mid 1960s. D. B. Russell's 1965 review describes the earliest version as "a system which allows users to generate word-counts and concordances from literary (or other) texts. It was written originally for Atlas after consultation with various British Universities, and is currently being implemented for System 4-75 at Edinburgh" (Russell).

HyperPo Character Encoding Heuristics

This document describes the logic followed by HyperPo for dealing with various character encodings in documents that can be submitted as a string in a query field, retrieved from a remote location, or uploaded as a file. I'll avoid getting into any HyperPo-specific implementation details so that this may be of use to similar tools.

Background on Text Analysis

What is text analysis? A very short answer.

Word processors have searching tools that allow you to find a word or phrase. Such finding tools can be used as a simple text analysis environment. Your word processor is not, however, suited to searching large texts interactively, nor does it show you the results of a search in a way that can help you understand a text. Computer assisted text analysis environments do three types of things beyond what the "Find" tool of a word processor might do: